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When it comes to Diamonds, the cut of the stone can have a massive effect on the overall quality. If you are a novice when it comes to diamonds, the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) has a wealth of information to help educate you on this subject. With diamonds, the colour, clarity, carat, and the cut of the diamond play a significant role in both the value of the stone, as well as the quality. The way that a diamond is cut affects the sparkle and brilliance of stone as it affects the way the light that reflects inside the diamond, so choosing the right cut of a diamond is important in the polishing process.
- The Seven Components
The GIA uses seven different components to classify a diamond, and based on these principles the stone is then classified within the grading system that the Institute uses. When you buy diamonds from jewellers such as Certified Diamond Network in Sydney, the same principles are used to classify each stone.
- Weight Ratio
All of the above seven aspects are judged individually and then the totals are added together to determine the overall quality of the diamond. With this information, the stone can then be placed into a grading category.
- The Cut Scale
The GIA uses a Cut Scale which is similar to the scale used in other countries around the world and by reputable jewellers. Within the scale, there are 5 different classifications of cut which are as follows:
- Very Good
Each type of cut of stone has a varying number of facets, for example, a round brilliant cut has either 57 or 58 facets. The proportions between the table, crown angle, size and pavilion depth can vary quite considerable, and it is these ratios which determine the quality of the cut.
- The Difference between Cut and Shape
Many people will use the word cut and shape interchangeably, which when it comes to precious stones is incorrect. The cut of a diamond will determine the number of facets that the stone has, whilst the shape of the diamond, whereas the shape, is the outline of the diamond, rather than the arrangement of the facets. It is important to make sure that these two characteristics are not confused.
It is important that these standards are incorporated throughout the gems industry to ensure that the public can determine what they are buying. The cut of a diamond is one of only four important aspects to consider when you look to purchase precious stones, and the carat weight, clarity and also colour are not to be overlooked. All of the factors are important when determining the value of gems.
Make sure that you do your research before investing in diamonds and use the internet to find out more information, as well as speak to your local jewellers. Take your time in choosing the right stone for your taste, as well as your budget, and you can find the perfect stone for that diamond ring that your partner craves!